Long Islands ENVI Block Firewood Distributor
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We no longer cut logs as a service due to the success of the Envi & Envi8 Blocks we sell. Our customers enjoyed the simplicity of the cleaner, safe, no mess, no bugs, seasoned when delivered Envi & Envi8 Blocks. With the success of the Envi & Envi8 Blocks outselling the log chopping service, we decided to dedicate our time delivering them to our customers and discontinued the log splitting.
My chain saw of choice was the STIHL MS 660 MAGNUM with a 36 inch bar and 7.0bhp engine.
The Log Splitter
(631) 410-ENVI (3684)
STIHL MS 660 MAGNUM
SOLD DUE TO THE SUCCESS OF THE ENVI BLOCKS
STIHL 60 INCH PEAVY
SOLD DUE TO THE SUCCESS OF THE ENVI BLOCKS
We no longer split wood as a service due to the success of the Envi & Envi8 Blocks we sell. Our customers enjoyed the simplicity of the cleaner, safe, no mess, no bugs, seasoned when delivered Envi & Envi8 Blocks. With the success of the Envi & Envi8 Blocks outselling the log splitting service, we decided to dedicate our time delivering them to our customers and discontinued the log splitting.
TROYBUILT 27 TON LOG SPLITTER
SOLD DUE TO THE SUCCESS OF THE ENVI BLOCKS
UNSEASONED (GREEWOOD) VS SEASONED FIREWOOD
Uncut logs sitting in a pile is not seasoned firewood. If the logs were split within a month or two, they are still considered (GREEN WOOD). This wood will NOT burn correctly. This wood will create more smoke and less heat. You will hear and see the steam and moisture coming out of the logs ends.
Firewood needs to be SEASONED before it will burn. This reduces the moisture in the wood and allows for a hotter fire generating higher BTU's
Firewood needs to be split and stacked to allow air to flow through the wood. This helps removed the moisture allowing the wood to season faster. Excessive moisture absorbs heat that would otherwise be heating your house. You’re essentially wasting heat to boil the water in the unseasoned firewood. Unseasoned firewood is hard to light because the moisture is cooling the wood making it harder to reach its igniting temperature.
Firewood needs to be split and stacked for approximately 12 MONTHS to properly season. It needs to be split approximately one year prior to using. Unseasoned firewood will cause creosol build up in your chimney. This will lead to a chimney fire if you do not have the chimney maintenance regularly.
Green, unseasoned wood can often be detected by its fresh tree fragrance. Green wood is very heavy due to the excess moisture. Go to the lumber section of your hardware store and pick up a kiln dried 2x4. Then pick up one of the pressure treated 2x4s. The pressure treated wood is usually damp on the surface. You will feel the major difference in the weight of the unseasoned pressure treated 2x4. Season firewood is very light compared to heavy unseasoned firewood. Bang 2 pieces of unseasoned or wet firewood together. You will hear a dull thud. Bang 2 pieces of seasoned or dry firewood together. You will hear a high pitch “clink”.
Seasoned firewood usually sits in sunlight. The exposed pieces are usually bleached to a dull gray. Split and dried wood that has seasoned at least 6 months should have splits or cracks at the end of the log. Another way to identify cured wood is when the bark peels off easily.
If you use a firewood moisture meter, the seasoned wood should not measure more than 20% at the center of the wood. Not the ends.
FIREWOOD DEMENTIONS (FACE CORD, HALF CORD, CORD)
A cord is a specific amount of firewood. A cord is defined (legally in fact) as a closely stacked pile measuring 4' x 4' x 8' (or its equivalent). Simply multiply the length x width x height and you need to come up with 128 (cubic feet).
A half cord is exactly half or that - 64 cubic feet, 4' x 4' x 4', or equivalent.
A face cord is NOT a specific amount of wood. It’s defined as, about 1/3 of a cord piled. Firewood stacked is more wood that firewood piled. Face cords are usually what disreputable sellers try to pass off to inexperienced buyers since you never know how much you're getting. NEVER buy a face cord. Always purchase a defined measurement (cord, half cord, or a quarter of a cord). You should know how much wood your rack can hold. It usually pays to have the firewood stacked. The cost is not much more and gives you the option to pay after the wood is stacked. If you’re short on wood, you can hold payment or half of the payment until the contract is fulfilled. If you paid by credit card, you can have the charges reversed.
Unless you have taken the time to figure out exactly how much wood your pickup truck or trailer can hold, do not rely on it as a way to measure out firewood.
Many people build or purchase a rack that is 4 feet high x 16 feet long and 15 inches wide. This is a great way to hold a cord of wood without taking up to much space in the yard. When this rack is full, they think they have a cord of wood. Unless the wood on this rack is 2 feet long, you do NOT have a cord of wood.
Every firewood yard cuts wood an average of 18 to 16 inches long. If the cord of firewood you ordered fills this rack evenly, you were shorted wood. The exception to this would be if the wood you ordered is 2 feet long.
Since wood burning stoves accept an 18 inch long piece of firewood and 2 foot long pieces are to large for most people, firewood yards cut the wood 16 to 18 inches long.
A cord of wood is measured at 128 cubic feet or 2 feet wide x 4 feet high x 16 feet long.
If the wood is 16 to 18 inches on the average, we can assume half of the cord is 16 inches long. The other half of the cord would be 18 inches long. This average is equal to 17 inches long. 16 inches + 18 inches / 2 = 17.
Your rack should be 17 inches wide x 48 inches high x 22.59 feet long.
4 feet * 2 feet * 16 feet = 128 cubic feet or
48 inches * 24 inches * 192 inches = 221184 cubic inches
4 feet * 1.5 feet * 22.59 feet = 128 cubic feet or
48 inches * 17 inches * 271.06 inches = 221184 cubic inches
In the example above, 6.59 feet * 4 feet * 1.5 feet or 54.92 inches * 48 inches * 17 inches= (26 cubic feet) of wood is missing. You must take the length of the wood in consideration when you are filling your firewood rings and racks. That almost a 1/4 of a cord or a large firewood ring of wood missing.
This rack holds a ¼ of a cord of wood on the top part. But the rack with this stack is not a ¼ or a cord. The wood is not 24 inches long. Therefore this stack is less than a ¼ of a cord.
The wood is not 24 inches long. Therefore this stack is less than a ¼ of a cord.
TYPE OF WOOD TO BURN
Hardwood makes the best firewood. It burns hotter, slower and produces less ash when burned. Softer woods make significantly less heat, burns faster and produces more ash when burned. If you're burning for decoration you may want what is called designer wood. This is wood from fruit trees. It is burned for its aroma. Apple and cherry are come example or designer wood. One or two pieces are usually mixed in with your hard wood during a burn.
Stay away from Cottonwood, willow and osage orange softwoods, because of the odor and smoke potential. Highly resinous types such as pine and monazite spit sparks, and should be limited to use as starter fuel, or mixed with hardwoods.
Softwoods such as Birch can be good, fast-burning types that produce a lot of flame, but go quickly and with less heat value, while seasoned hickory burns slowly and gives off heat, but smells up the house. Oak is the best choice for the hottest, cleanest-burning wood.
The Chimney Safety Institute of America suggests that if the "seasoned" wood you bought turned out to be green and you need to burn it anyway, be sure to have your chimney or stovepipe checked often, and cleaned if necessary, to prevent creosote buildup.
High: Live Oaks, Eucalyptus, Hop Hornbeam, Dogwood, Hickory, Shadbush, Persimmon, White Oak, Black Birch, Black Locust, Apple, Blue Beech, Crabs, & Red Oak
Medium: Sugar Maple, American Beech, Honey Locust, Yellow Birch, White Ash, Elm, Black Gum, Red Maple, Black Walnut, Paper Birch, Red Gum, Cherry, Holly, Gray Birch, Sycamore, Oregon Ash, Sassafras, & Magnolia.
Low: Red Alder, Large Tooth Aspen, Basswood, Chestnut, Catalpa, Black Willow, Box Elder, Tulip Poplar, Butternut, Quaking Aspen, Cottonwood, Willow, & Balsam Poplar.
High: Slash Pine, Pond Pine, Western Larch, & Long Leaf Pine
Medium: Yew, Tamarack, Nut Pines (Pinyon), Short leaf Pine, Junipers, Loblolly Pine, Douglas Fir, Pitch Pine, Red Cedar, & Norway Pine.
Low: Ponderosa Pine, Red Fir, Noble Fir, Black Spruce, Bald Cypress, Redwood, Hemlocks, Sitka Spruce, Yellow Cedar, White Spruce, White Pine, Balsam Fir, Western Red Cedar, & Sugar Pine.
AVOID WOOD WITH INSECT OR INSECT DAMAGE
Firewood should be stacked. Firewood with insects (Carpenter ants and Termites) could be an indication that the wood was sitting in a pile. There may be a log with a queen in it.
Avoid wood with insect damage. This wood may have live insect, dormant insects, pesticides, and mass amounts of fecal matter. It will not smell the same when you burn it. Insects that appear to be dead, could be dormant due to the cold temperature. These insects will come back to life once the air temperature increases. The temperature in your home is warm enough to bring the insects back to life. You risk moving the nest into your home.
FIREWOOD DELIVERY SCAM
The worker will price your cord at $135. When they deliver it, they tell you they made a mistake. They were not aware of the time of year and the owner said it is $150. As a decent person, you pay the extra $15 dollars. Your though is, the truck is here and what’s an extra $15. This is a scam. Do not pay the difference. The yard should inform you of the price difference before they deliver the wood. They know most people will pay the extra $15. The price of $135 was to lure you in.
The most recent scam is the posting of firewood for $150. The statement (price subject to change) is written in the posting. When the truck shows up, the driver tells you the price is $200. There is a fuel charge.
Here is how you handle this. Play dumb and agree to the new price. Pay with a credit card or agree to pay them after the wood is dropped and stacked. After the wood is stacked, tell them you will only pay the original price or take $20 off of the original price. Make sure you let them know they are trying to scam you. If they say no or you really want to burn them, have them pick up the wood. Do not allow them to bring any machinery on your property to assist.
Some yards will load unseasoned firewood first. They will top off the load with seasoned firewood. When you inspect the wood in the truck, all you see is the seasoned wood. Dig into the pile to see what’s at the bottom. I recommend purchasing a firewood moisture meter. You can get a good one on the internet for less than $30. If you use a firewood moisture meter, the seasoned wood should not measure more than 20% moisture in the middle of the wood. Not the ends.
Some delivery guys try to convince you the moisture is measured at the end of the wood. This is wrong. Split the wood. Measure the wood from the middle.
The firewood stacking scam is when the firewood stacker taper the stack. The stacker will tell you this is stacked like this to keep the pile from collapsing. This is a great way to hide the fact that your cord is short.
The left pile was stacked as a tapered at the top.
This pile is stacked correctly with all four sides even.
SHOULD YOU COVER YOUR UNSEASONED FIREWOOD?
Do not cover fresh cut (green) firewood with a full cover. Using a full cover on green firewood will keep the moisture trapped under the cover. This will drastically slow down the seasoning process. The trapped moisture will also assist in the growth of mold on your firewood which is very dangerous to burn. Save the bark pieces of firewood when you stack. Tree bark is nature’s umbrella. Use these pieces to top off your firewood stack. Chop the triangle off of the end of the bark pieces of firewood. This will create rectangular pieces that will allow flat even placement on the top of your stack. I burn these pieces last.
Another common method for covering green or seasoned firewood is to just cover the top of the wood stack. Some wood covers only cover the top of the wood. Some folks will place plastic on the top of the stack and put one row of wood on top of that. This keeps the stack looking natural and allows air to flow through the wood while avoiding rain and snow abortion.
Other than a top cover or tree bark pieces, do not cover unseasoned (green) firewood
Mold that developed from covering a stack of green firewood.
SHOULD YOU COVER YOUR SEASONED FIREWOOD?
YES! If the wood is seasoned, put a cover on the wood that will be used within the next month. Continue to open or remove a full rack cover on clear whether days. Do this to avoid any moisture that may build under the cover.
The other option is to use a top cover. Just cover the top of the firewood. Tops covers can be a professionally made cover, a cover made of tarp plastic, or tree bark pieces of wood. Do this to avoid rain and snow moisture absorbing into the wood.
I stack my wood on home made 4 x 4 pallets. I can easily monitor how much wood is stacked. The pallets have a minimum 8 inch ground clearance. This allows me to blow out any leaves that build up under the pallet avoiding mice and rats from building a nest. This wood gets covered with a 3 mill clear pallet cover. I clip and bungee the cover on the stack loosely. The clear cover allows the sun to heat the air under the cover. Moisture can be monitored by viewing how much precipitation builds on the inside of the cover. The 3 mil plastic allows the wind to blow and lift the cover enough to circulate the moisture that is trapped under the cover.
Natural firewood cover made of tree bark.
Top firewood cover for seasoned firewood.
I use firewood racks that allow enough clearance to blow out any debris that may build up underneath. The build up of leaves and other items can lead to mice or rat nest under you firewood pile. You may also develop hidden termites tunnels and carpenter ant paths.
This is a pallet that hade wood stacked on. Notice the build up of leaves that could not be blown out. The leaves act as insulation to keep mice and rats warm.
This rack measures 4 x 4 and is one wheels that can handle 1200lbs each.
There are heavy eye bolts to connect rope to pull the rack or bungee a cover.
There is plenty of clearance to blow away debris that accumulates under the rack.
This pallet measures 4 x 4 x 4 or a 1/2 cord.
Iron rack that allows ground clearance
Seasoned wood may be gray from sun fade and have natural cracks at the end. The bark should be starting to separate from the wood.